Armand Garnet Ruffo
Writer and scholar Armand Garnet Ruffo was born in Chapleau, Northern Ontario, in 1955 with familial roots to the Chapleau Fox Lake Cree First Nation, and the Sagamok Ojibway First Nation. Drawing on his Indigenous heritage, Ruffo focuses on Indigenous-settler relations as well as Indigenous ways of knowing, including spirituality and the environment. His book At Geronimo's Grave (2001) won the Archibald Lampman Award for poetry, and a recent book, The Thunderbird Poems (2015), was nominated for the Raymond Souster Award by The League of Canadian Poets. His creative biography, Norval Morrisseau: Man Changing Into Thunderbird (2014), was nominated for a Governor General’s Award. He teaches in the English Department at Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario.