400: Coming Home

You are still on the highway and the great light of

noon comes over the asphalt, the gravelled

shoulders. You are on the highway, there is a kind of

laughter, the cars pound

south. Over your shoulder the scrub-grass, the fences,

the fields wait patiently as though someone

believed in them. The light has laid it

upon them. One

crow scrawks. The edges

take care of themselves, there is

no strain, you can almost hear it, you

inhabit it.


Back in the city many things you lived for

are coming apart.

Transistor rock still fills

back yards, in the parks young men do things to

hondas; there will be

heat lightning, beer on the porches, goings on.

That is not it.


And you are still on the highway. There are no

houses, no farms. Across the median, past the swish and thud of the

northbound cars, beyond the opposite

fences, the fields, the

climbing escarpment, solitary in the

bright eye of the sun the

birches dance, and they

dance. They have

their reasons. You do not know


Cicadas call now, in the darkening swollen air there is dust

in your nostrils; a

kind of laughter; you are still on the highway.

“400: Coming Home” taken from Civil Elegies and Other Poems by Dennis Lee, copyright © 1972. Published by House of Anansi Press.

Dive in: 
  1. Roads and highways are often used as a metaphor for life’s journey. If that’s the case, where on the “road of life” do you sense this speaker is? How do they feel about their situation? What do they care about? What clues does the poet leave for you to discover this information?
  2. This poem gets a lot of energy from its verbs. List all the verbs, and try to replace them with others to see how the poem might change.
  3. You might know Dennis Lee’s writing for children, including Alligator Pie and Jelly Belly. The tone here is very different, but there are also some similarities. The use of a refrain, for instance, or an attention to sound. Put one of your favourite children’s poems by Lee next to this poem (or use this version of “Alligator Pie”), and see what connections you can make.
  4. The poem uses the pronoun “you,” instead of “I.” What’s the effect of this? Try re-writing the poem replacing all of the “you”s with “I”s or “she”s. How does it change?
  5. Recitation challenge: the phrase “you are on the highway” or “you are still on the highway” appears four times in the poem. Trace an emotional journey for the speaker that’s punctuated every time this phrase appears. Try reciting the poem as if the speaker is getting more and more frustrated each time. More excited to be home. More tired. More lonely.
  6. Writing exercise: the next time you are on a long journey, take detailed notes of the things you see along the way. (Don’t do this if you’re the one driving!) For some of the ride, record the images as if you just got some very good news. For the next section of the drive, imagine you just got some very bad news. How does your description of the landscape change?

Useful Links

  1. Traffic cameras from the 400 north of Toronto: https://511on.ca/cctv?start=0&length=10&order%5Bi%5D=0&order%5Bdir%5D=asc
  2. A recent interview with Dennis Lee, including him reading “Alligator Pie” and the worst poem he’s ever written: https://www.cbc.ca/radio/thesundayedition/the-sunday-edition-october-22-2017-1.4363726/a-feature-interview-with-canadian-poet-dennis-lee-1.4363743
  3. Does your city or province have a poet laureate? If so, who is it? If not, start a campaign to inaugurate a new program! Dennis Lee was Toronto’s inaugural Poet Laureate, a role which rotates every two years. Here is information about that city program: https://www.toronto.ca/explore-enjoy/history-art-culture/poet-laureate/
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